RIBAPix: Tributes to the Fallen: First World War Memorials

RIBA40019  British Cemetery and New Zealand Soldiers Memorial, Grevillers

RIBA40019 British Cemetery and New Zealand Soldiers Memorial, Grevillers

RIBA33756  Casa del Fascio, Lissone: the roof at the entrance to the Shrine of the Fallen

RIBA33756 Casa del Fascio, Lissone: the roof at the entrance to the Shrine of the Fallen

RIBA94924  Competition design for the Liverpool Cenotaph, St George's Plateau, Liverpool: elevations

RIBA94924 Competition design for the Liverpool Cenotaph, St George's Plateau, Liverpool: elevations

RIBA65033  Competition design for the Shrine of Remembrance (the National War Memorial of Victoria), Melbourne: perspective from city approach

RIBA65033 Competition design for the Shrine of Remembrance (the National War Memorial of Victoria), Melbourne: perspective from city approach

RIBA31239  Design for the Australian National War Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery: sketched perspective as executed

RIBA31239 Design for the Australian National War Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery: sketched perspective as executed

RIBA12709  Design for a war memorial cross, Petworth

RIBA12709 Design for a war memorial cross, Petworth

RIBA21978  Design for a proposed war memorial, Salisbury, Wiltshire: aerial perspective taken 350 feet above the Poultry Cross with the River Avon seen below

RIBA21978 Design for a proposed war memorial, Salisbury, Wiltshire: aerial perspective taken 350 feet above the Poultry Cross with the River Avon seen below

RIBA20492  Design for a war memorial, Leeds

RIBA20492 Design for a war memorial, Leeds

To mark 100 years since the end of World War One, RIBApix presents a collection of images showing both built and unexecuted First World War Memorials from around the world.

The devastating and unimaginable number of casualties as well as the destruction of large areas of Europe, led to The Great War of 1914-1918 being known at the time as “the war to end all wars”. Thousands of families around the world were affected, with many communities losing a large portion of their young, male population. Hundreds of villages and towns across Europe were badly damaged or in some cases destroyed by the war. In addition to the many lives lost, World War One also resulted in millions of soldiers returning home with both physical and mental scars, forever impacted by their participation in the conflict.

The monumental impact of The Great War globally resulted in a major shift in how nations commemorated it. Huge numbers of memorials were built around the world, with over 100,000 in France alone. Many towns and villages constructed small memorials to the men their communities had lost. Thousands of memorial walls of honour were put up in factories, railway stations, schools and universities to commemorate participants from institutions. The Royal Institute of British Architects’ memorial is outside of the Jarvis Hall at its headquarters at 66 Portland Place, to commemorate ‘members, licentiates and students’ who lost their lives in the First World War. The majority of these were paid for by the communities and institutions themselves.

Beyond these smaller more community driven memorials, larger ones were also built, driven by governments and international organisations. The Imperial War Graves Commission (now the Commonwealth War Graves Commission) for example was set up to create memorials to soldiers from Great Britain and the wider commonwealth that had fought in the war, including the Menin Gate Memorial in Ypres, and the Thiepval Memorial to the Missing of the SommeThe Cenotaph, London’s most prominent memorial built after the First World War, was designed by Edwin Lutyens, initially a temporary structure made of wood and plaster, built as Whitehall’s monument for the London Victory Parade on 19 July 1919. On the 30th July that year, the British War Cabinet decided that a permanent war memorial should replace the temporary one. The final completed version, built from Portland Stone by Holland & Hannen and Cubitts, was unveiled by King George V on 11 November 1920, the second anniversary of the end of the First World War.

As well as the memorials constructed across the world, war cemeteries also represented a strong example of the way the First World War was commemorated. The Treaty of Versailles made all nations responsible for the maintenance of military graves within their countries. The countries of the soldiers interned there however, held control over the style and design of the cemeteries. Architecturally, most war memorials and war cemeteries built to commemorate the First World War were conservative in design, commonly following classical themes, attempting to provide a noble, enduring commemoration of the fallen.

To see additional images of war memorials from the First World War, Click here. To see images of war memorials from all conflicts, Click here.

 

RIBA7401  All-India War Memorial, New Delhi

RIBA7401 All-India War Memorial, New Delhi

RIBA70367  A record sketch of the unexecuted design for the Memorial to the Missing at St Quentin, Nord

RIBA70367 A record sketch of the unexecuted design for the Memorial to the Missing at St Quentin, Nord

RIBA58050  British Medical Association, Tavistock Square, Bloomsbury, London: the Court of Honour seen from the World War I Memorial Gates with the World War II memorial in the background

RIBA58050 British Medical Association, Tavistock Square, Bloomsbury, London: the Court of Honour seen from the World War I Memorial Gates with the World War II memorial in the background


RIBA6074  Cenotaph, Whitehall, London

RIBA6074 Cenotaph, Whitehall, London

RIBA97164  Competition design for memorial to the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, York Minster: elevation, part-section and details

RIBA97164 Competition design for memorial to the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, York Minster: elevation, part-section and details

RIBA65031  Competition design for the Shrine of Remembrance (the National War Memorial of Victoria), Melbourne: interior perspective of inner shrine

RIBA65031 Competition design for the Shrine of Remembrance (the National War Memorial of Victoria), Melbourne: interior perspective of inner shrine


RIBA20229  Design for a war memorial chapel, Oldham Parish Church, Oldham: plan and elevation

RIBA20229 Design for a war memorial chapel, Oldham Parish Church, Oldham: plan and elevation

RIBA22013  Design for a war memorial to the London Troops outside the Royal Exchange, London

RIBA22013 Design for a war memorial to the London Troops outside the Royal Exchange, London

RIBA39606  Design for Southampton war memorial, Southampton: sketched perspective

RIBA39606 Design for Southampton war memorial, Southampton: sketched perspective


RIBA13029  Design for the All-India War Memorial Arch, New Delhi

RIBA13029 Design for the All-India War Memorial Arch, New Delhi

RIBA31143  Design for the Cenotaph, Whitehall, London, surmounted by an urn: sketched elevations and perspective

RIBA31143 Design for the Cenotaph, Whitehall, London, surmounted by an urn: sketched elevations and perspective

RIBA92010  Designs for the Preston Cenotaph and War Memorial, Market Square, Preston, Lancashire: half front elevation and half side elevation

RIBA92010 Designs for the Preston Cenotaph and War Memorial, Market Square, Preston, Lancashire: half front elevation and half side elevation


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