Celebrate an Architecture Pioneer – Ethel Mary Charles

It's #EthelDay so let's celebrate International Women In Architecture.

Our architectural pioneer, Ethel Mary Charles, became the first woman architect to join the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA), in 1898. However, Ethel’s path to becoming an architect and member of the RIBA was far from straight forward.

Who was Ethel Mary Charles?

Ethel Charles became the first woman architect to join the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA), in 1898. However, Ethel’s path to becoming an architect and member of the RIBA was far from straight forward.

Ethel Mary Charles (left)

Ethel Mary Charles (left)

The accepted attitudes of the day towards women practising architecture restricted Ethel from opportunities readily available to her male peers. When wanting to continue her training as an architect, Ethel was barred from attending the Architectural Association School along with her sister, Bessie. When wanting to join the RIBA, one member attempted to obstruct Ethel’s entry by instigating a campaign based on the premise that “it would be prejudicial to the interest of the institute to elect a lady member.”

Despite the prejudice Ethel encountered, she continued to pursue a career as an architect. After her apprenticeship with Ernest George, she became an assistant to Arts and Crafts architect Walter Cave, studying Gothic and domestic architecture. In June 1898, she passed the RIBA examinations for associate membership. Ernest George nominated Ethel and vouched for her abilities and skills, and after initial opposition, Ethel was finally granted membership - 51 voting in favour and 16 against.

Ethel stated publicly that the best opportunities for architects were in commercial commissions and expressed interest in commercial development. However, Ethel, like many women designers of the period, was unable to obtain commissions for large-scale projects which continued to be reserved for men.

As a result, Ethel focused on domestic architecture often commissioned by female clients and modest housing projects such as labourers’ cottages.

Design drawing for semi-detached houses, Falmouth, Cornwall, England, 1906; image from RIBApix (number RIBA31416) RIBA Collections

Design drawing for semi-detached houses, Falmouth, Cornwall, England, 1906; image from RIBApix (number RIBA31416) RIBA Collections

Celebrate #EthelDay

On 5 July, we celebrated a pioneer of architecture, Ethel Mary Charles, with a day of international social media campaigning to recognise and highlight the achievements of women in architecture. Today we encourage you to celebrate an inspirational women in architecture.