Here at Architecture North we always say; why move, when you can improve. This weeks blog we are writing about two storey extension extensions, they are a cost-effective way to add lots more space to your home – whilst also increasing its value.
It is also cheaper than moving house and more cost-efficient than building a single storey extension, a two storey extension won’t just add more living and sleeping space – it can transform the look of your home from outside, too.
How Much Does it Cost to Build a Two Storey Extension?
A two storey extension gives you double the living space of a single storey one, but the cost of the foundations and the roof are pretty much comparable for both build types, meaning the money spent per metre square is less with a two storey addition.
Before you start planning your extension’s design, set your budget, with the help of this list:
If you’re extending on tight a budget, expect to pay £1,320 to £1,620/m² for basic quality
For a good quality double storey extension, you’ll pay between £1,700 and £2,000m²
For a high spec extension, calculate spending between £1,800 and £2,500/m² or more
On top of the build costs, you’ll need to factor in the following:
Architects’ fees (around 3-7% of construction costs)
Project Management (around 3-7% of build cost)
Planning application fees (currently £206 in England for a two storey extension + £20.00 planning portal administration charge)
Survey costs (between £500-1,500)
Structural engineer (£500-1,000)
Building control charges (up to £900 for a 80-100m² extension)
Party Wall Agreements (£700-1,000 per neighbour if needed)
Interior fit out costs
Do I Need Planning Permission for a Two Storey Extension?
In any case, it’s always worth checking with your local planning authority, but the basic rules are that planning permission will be required if the extension:
covers more than half the area of land surrounding your home
extends towards a road
increases the overall height of the building
extends more than 6m from the rear of an attached house
extends more than 8m from the rear of a detached house
is taller than 4m
is more than half the width of your house
uses different materials to those of the original house
includes a balcony or raised veranda
If your proposed extension affects a party wall, then make sure.
Does a Two Storey Extension Need to Comply with Building Regulations?
Any extension project will need to comply with the building regulations. You will need to submit an application for the work to your local authority building control department.
Some contractors are building control certified, meaning they can carry out work without the need for involving the building control department.
How Big Can my Two Storey Extension Be?
Planning rules usually require extensions to be sympathetic to the existing house, particularly in Conservation Areas, so the height of a two storey additions ridge and eaves can not be taller than the existing roof. If your existing house is on the small side, this can present a challenge when building an extension tall enough to include two full 2.4) storeys.
There are ways around this, such as designing upstairs rooms with lower ceiling heights or integrating them into a pitched roof space. You could also have the extension dug down into the ground, resulting in a basement level or split-level design which can work well on a sloping site.
Designing the extension with a series of small, intersecting traditional pitched roofs or with an area of flat roofing hidden behind a more traditional pitched roof can give you much-needed ceiling height, too.
Planning rules limit how far a two storey extension can project, and how close it can be to your property’s boundary, so as to prevent a loss of light to neighbouring properties.
It must project no further back than a line set at 45 degrees horizontally from the centre of neighbouring windows – the so-called ‘sight lines’.
Designing a Two Storey Extension
When it comes to the design of your extension, here’s what you need to consider:
As with a single storey extension, you need consider your needs carefully before you start. If the ground floor is going to be home to your new kitchen, do you need a separate utility room or cloakroom? Do you need more storage space that is best factored in at the design stage?
When it comes to the second storey, if you’re taking a two-bedroom house to a three-bedroom house, you can realistically do without another bathroom; but if you’re taking a three bedroom house up to a four or five-bedroom house with your new extension, it will be more than worthwhile making space for an additional bathroom, shower room or at least a wet room, too.
Consider how to blend the extension with the existing home to ensure a cohesive interior space. You can do this by matching floor and ceiling levels between the new and existing space, as well as choosing the same decorative elements, such as mouldings, door furniture and colour schemes throughout.
You may also have to reconfigure the layout of the upstairs hallway to make access to the new rooms feel natural. The key is not to compromise existing rooms too much to create the new spaces.
Doors and Windows
The position, size and shape of doors and windows to capture the best of the daylight and the views of the garden can mean that even when building an extension on a tight budget, you can achieve a stunning space.
Choosing bi-fold doors is also a great way to bring the outside in.
The Indoor-Outdoor Link
Blending indoor and outdoor spaces can make both spaces feel bigger and more cohesive. As well as bringing in light with bi-fold doors, continuous flooring creates the illusion of one space – think stone floors that run from the kitchen out onto a patio. Finally, consider interior and exterior materials – from wall treatments to planting – because the more harmonious they are, the more successful your extension will be overall.
If you are building a complementary extension, choosing materials that match those used on original house can make your extension look like it’s always been there. But if it’s not possible to match the materials, it may be better to choose a striking, contrasting design which can work just as well, and is sometimes more acceptable to planning departments.
Where Should I Extend?
For a terraced house or semi-detached property with limited space, the rear is the best (and often only) place to site a two storey extension. In this case, be careful not to reduce your garden’s size too much. A large, family home needs a garden to match.
If you have room at the side of your house, this can be a better option as it will allow you to retain the majority of your garden space.
If this is the case, careful consideration needs to be given to the design of the extension, since the frontage at least will be visible from the street. Not only do you want it to be sympathetic to the original house, the planning department may make it a condition.